Without the help of Eilene Galloway the space program we know today could have a very different landscape.
On July 29, 1958, President Dwight Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act, leading to the birth of NASA on Oct. 1, 1958. Galloway, who died in 2009 just short of her 103rd birthday, helped make it all happen.
Galloway began work with the Congressional Research Service of the Library of Congress in 1941, researching and writing House and Senate documents including “Guided Missiles in Foreign Countries,” released just before the Soviets launched Sputnik in October 1957.
In 1958, then-U.S. Senator Lyndon B. Johnson asked her to help with Congressional hearings that led to the creation of NASA and America’s entry into the Space Race. “The only thing I knew about outer space at that time,” she said, “was that the cow had jumped over the Moon.”
Galloway helped write the legislation, emphasizing international cooperation and peaceful exploration. Later, she served as America’s representative in drafting treaties governing the exploration and uses of outer space and launched the field of space law and international space law. She also served on nine NASA Advisory Committees.